The New Moon is Monday October 15. Mars comes close to the bright red star Antares in the Scorpion. Mercury rises higher in the western evening sky. The thin crescent Moon visits Mercury on the 17th, and Mars on the 18th. Jupiter is visible in the late evening sky. In the morning skies Jupiter and Venus can be readily seen amongst some beautiful constellations. On the morning of the 13th the thin crescent Moon is near Venus.
Morning sky on Saturday October 13 looking east as seen from Adelaide at 5:30 am local daylight saving time in South Australia. The crescent Moon is above Venus. Similar views will be seen elsewhere at the equivalent local time (click to embiggen).
The New Moon is Monday October 15.
Jupiter is easily seen above the norther horizon in the early morning sky. Jupiter is below the Hyades, between the red star Aldebaran and the dimmer blue white star Elnath. Jupiter stays in roughly the same position for most of the week.
On the 13th, starting at 1:04 am AEDST, there is a nice series of transits and shadow transits of Jupiters Moons, with the great red spot in sight.
Jupiter, Aldebaran and the red star Betelgeuse in Orion form a long triangle in the sky. With the Pleiades cluster and the constellation of Orion close by, this is a beautiful morning sight.
Bright white Venus is still moderately high above the eastern horizon, but continues sinking lower over the week. Venus looks like a waxing Moon when seen through even a small telescope.
Venus is in the constellation of Leo, not far from the bright star Regulus. Venus moves further away away over the rest of the week. Venus is now relativey low to the horiozn, it is still clearly visible in twlight skies, but will become harder to see over the coming weeks. It will still be bright, but hard to see from cluttered horizons.
On the morning of the 13th the thin crescent Moon is near Venus. This is also an excellent opportunity to see Venus in the daylight.
Evening sky looking west as seen from Adelaide at 8:30 pm local daylight time on Wednesday October 17. Mars is in the head of the scorpion, coming close to Antares. Mercury is close to the crescent Moon. Similar views will be seen elsewhere at the equivalent local time. Click to embiggen.
Saturn is lost in the twilight.
Mercury is rapidly brightening and rapidly rising in the sky. This will be the best time to see the swift inner planet in the evening this year. It is currently the brightest object just above the western horizon towards the end of twilight.
On the 17th Mercury is close to the thin crescent Moon.
Mars continues to move through Scorpius. Mars is third brightest object in the western sky (after Mercury and the red star Antares, which is just a little brighter than Mars). Mars's distinctive red colour makes it relatively easy to spot, just don't confuse it with red Antares above it. Mars sets shortly after 11:00 pm local daylight saving timetime.
Mars was at opposition on March 4, when it was biggest and brightest as seen from Earth. Sadly, this is a poor opposition and Mars will be fairly small in modest telescopes.
Mars starts the week in the head of Scorpius the Scorpion. On the 11th it is close to the bright star delta Scorpii. Over the week Mars comes closer to the bright red star Antares (whose name means "rival of Mars"). On the 18th the crecent Moon forms a line with Mars and Antares.
There are lots of interesting things in the sky to view with a telescope. If you don't have a telescope, now is a good time to visit one of your local astronomical societies open nights or the local planetariums.
Printable PDF maps of the Eastern sky at 10 pm AEDST, Western sky at 10 pm AEDST. For further details and more information on what's up in the sky, see Southern Skywatch.
Cloud cover predictions can be found at SkippySky.